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History of Kyrgyzstan

Introduction
Before you travel in Kyrgyzstan, you will be told some significant events from the history of Kyrgyzstan. It is known that, Kyrgyz people never build any big houses, because they used to be close to the nature, mountains and live in their small dwellings. It was important not to distract the landscape. Ancient Kyrgyz never write and send letters, their conversations were oral, and thus you will never find any written messages from the history in your tour on cars for rent in Kyrgyzstan. The Kyrgyz history exists for 2000 years and the first ethnonym “Kyrgyz” was found 201 BC and it was divided into eight time periods:

Prehistory (1 million years ago — 1 000 BC)
The Prehistory of Kyrgyz tells about the development of its culture as nation. It was period of art. In the course of your tours in Kyrgyzstan, you will visit the Rock Art Gallery, which is located in Cholpon Ata. It was a spiritual center in the period of Bronze Age, where all people used to stay there during holidays. You will find approximately 2000 images on rocks, stones as well as petroglyphs. There are many images of goats, bulls, horses, deers, camels, dogs as well as human images and other creatures. Moving on, you will be seen pictures of hunting, plowing, ritual dancing, animals with carts, labyrinths as well as erotic. All these belong to the cultural heritage of Kyrgyz republic.

Ancient History (1 000 BC — 300 AD)
As previous was said the ethnonym “Kyrgyz” dwas found in 201 BC, which goes back to the ancient history. It was said that the Chinese historian Sima Tan wrote in his “Historical notes”, that Kyrgyz ruled by the Hunnu. Others say that the Kyrgyz go back to the 1st century BC and defined in Chinese notes Han-shu (History of Han), which was written by historian Ban Gu. Over the time the first description of Kyrgyz people were defined in area of Eastern Turkestan. Later, the ancient Kyrgyz found its territory in the east of present Kyrgyzstan in the 1st century BC.

Turkic Era (500–1200)
When you travel in Kyrgyzstan, you will be told about The Turkic Era, which goes back to the early Middle Ages from the 6th to the 13th centuries. You will find out that the history also find its way in the Turkic era Central Asia, due to movements of Turkic-speaking ethnic group from the Altai Mountains to the Central Asian region, where the formation of first Turkic dynasties found. There were not records of Kyrgyz in the Chinese sources, because their nation was unknown in this period. Over the time, on the middle of Yenisei River and South Siberia there was first formation of Kyrgyz Kaganate in the 7th century, where the ruler was Barsbek ajo-king.  In your tour in Kyrgyzstan, you will learn that the Yenisei Kyrgyz established the empire in 9th and 10th from the Irtysh River to the west of Big Khingan range in the east, and from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north as well as to the Gobi Desert in the south. The Great Kyrgyz Empire Russian was defined by Soviet historian Barthold.

The Mongol Rule (1200–1400)
Our car rent company is glad to present a tour in Kyrgyzstan, where you will be told about tragic Mongol assault that happened in the 13th century and considered to be significant in the history of Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia. The ruler of the Mongol army was Genghis Khan, who dominated the territory of Central Asia and later demolished the Turkic culture. Over the time, the Yenisei Kyrgyz joined to the army of Genghiz Khan in 1207. Genghiz Khan ruled the army for almost several hundred years. 

Later, the Kyrgyz people start follow the Islam religion. From the beginning, the Islam religion belonged to Persian, Arab, and Turkic traders of the Silk Road. However, some travellers said that there were shamanistic traditions between Kyrgyz.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400–1800)
Kyrgyz consolidations established from 15th century, when Kyrgyz people migrated from South Siberia to the Kyrgyzstan, but in 15th and 19th centuries, Kyrgyz didn’t form its own state. Kyrgyz made effort to establish the Kyrgyz state. Still they didn’t succeed but created ethno-political system, which consisted many independent tribes which upheld for four centuries. Kyrgyz consolidation was totally formed.

Russian Colonization (1770–1917)
In the course of your tours in Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Colonization made the northern Kyrgyz leader to join them and to be protected from external and internal terrorizations from China, Koqand and Kazakhs. It led to the development of Kyrgyz state. Over the time, Russia forced southern Kyrgyzstan to join them after effect of colonization policy and military movements of the Russian Empire. Furthermore, the territories of Central Asia and Kazakhstan built its own administrative-territorial system.  Finally, Kyrgyz start developing the agriculture and economy. It was time of prosperity of Kyrgyz tribe, which affected to its development.

Soviet Rule (1917–1991)
After developing of the Kyrgyz state, Bolsheviks started to rule in 1917 and opened new possibilities for Kyrgyzstan. All people were under control of Central Asia. The country started to develop the political and economic possibilities, which brought up benefits in Kyrgyzstan. Many educational centers were opened as: professional literature, theatre, painting, cinema, science as well as developing of a large-scale heavy metal processing industry and machinery in country. Kyrgyzstan was totally developed and blooms day after day. It formed its own autonomous region and after an autonomous republic. Kyrgyzstan became independent and free with the help of Bolsheviks who brought a great contribution to the country. Beside this, there were killings of blameless people due to Authorization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991)
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan gained independence. Kyrgyzstan marked national flag, emblem and anthem and in 1993, the country got the first Constitution. Kyrgyzstan joined the UN on March 2, 1992. After a few years, the standard of living of people decreased and was covered by unemployment. Kyrgyzstan started having problems with politics and economy and social well-being. Kyrgyzstan has become unstable. Further Kyrgyzstan faced with two revolutions that occurred in 2005 and 2010. Two presidents were overthrown and, Kyrgyzstan moved from a presidential to a parliamentary system in 2010. This was the first event in Central Asia when there was a peaceful transition of power from the president to another. For now it is peaceful here and possible to rent a car for an interesting trip.