Kyrgyzstan History

Introduction. Before you start to travel and rent a car in our country we would like to make a short informational introduction about history of Kyrgyzstan as it draws great attention. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can see that the history touches every part of the country and it may be considered extremely rich. Out of it we can say that in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can meet various monuments of historical meaning.

For you to know, people of Kyrgyzstan were nomads in their past and still nomads in their hearts. Anyway, travelling in mountains of Kyrgyzstan it is possible to meet people who live a nomadic way of life. Long time ago the Kyrgyz were looking for all opportunities to save nature of the country and with the course of their travelling in Kyrgyzstan didn’t built towns and cities but were moving with yurts.

The history of the country is estimated to be about 2000years. During tours in Kyrgyzstan you will be informed with various legends and myths, with various ideas of the past people. Before starting to travel in Kyrgyzstan we recommend you to know 8 main periods of the country:

Prehistory (1 million years ago — 1 000 BC). The period of 1 million years ago — 1 000 BC is known to be the prehistory of Kyrgyzstan that identifies the people to be in the center of the period of development of cultural life. When you travel in Kyrgyzstan you should visit the gallery Cholpon Ata where everything is made of stone. Ancient people tended to depict everything the saw and met. So, walking in the gallery you can see that walls are seen to be full of images of animals - goats, bulls, horses, deer, camels, dogs. As everything was going in an oral way, there still may be found imagery interpretation of everything ancient people dealt with. During tours in Kyrgyzstan guests of the country can see scenes of hunting and ritual events, of labyrinths and everyday activities.

Ancient History (1 000 BC — 300 AD). Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can find out that among other various periods in the history, ancient history of 1 000 BC — 300 AD is considered to be the beginning of the Kyrgyz to be known. You will be informed in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan that people of the country were first known in Chinese notes of 201BC. There are considered to be 2 main chronicle notes:

The 1st chronicles are written by the historian Sima Tan and named as “Historical notes”. There the historian given information about people who travel in Kyrgyzstan like nomads. Also, he says that the Kyrgyz is one of five tribes who are fighting with the Hunnu.

The 2ns chronicles are written by the historian Ban Gu in the 1st century. He identifies that there was no a state for people of modern Kyrgyzstan. But at the same times tells that those times the Kyrgyz were living at the territory of Eastern Turkestan.

Turkic Era (500–1200). When you start to travel in Kyrgyzstan you should know about such historical period as Turkic Era of 500-1200. During the times of 6-13th centuries there were severe times of migration process. People who spoke Turkic language were starting their way from the mountains of the Altai regions up to the places of our modern territory. During tours in Kyrgyzstan it is possible to find out that there used to be dynasties of the Turkish and there were no states of the Kyrgyz up to 7th century. Then with a course of time the Kyrgyz created their Kaganate in the South Siberia. Then it is known that there was the process of stretching of the Kyrgyz Kaganate from the Yenisei to the Gobi Desert in the South. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can take for truth the information given by the Russian and Soviet historian Barthold. During his tours in Kyrgyzstan he let the people know about the Kyrgyz showing them under the name of the Great Kyrgyz Empire.

The Mongol Rule (1200–1400). When you are travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can find out that in the 13th century there were extremely sad events during the Mongol Rule of the 1200-1400. It is known that there was a severe and very evil Khan – Genghis. He was ruling all the people living in the Tien Shan mountain range. In accordance with the history he was the one to destroy the developed Empire of people of Turkish speaking. Then it was found to be rather difficult to travel for him and take the people as there started the process of taking religion by all living at the territory of Kyrgyzstan of our days. Though with the adoption of Islam some people still were shamans. In the 19th century it was possible to find a shaman in mountains of the country during tours in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400–1800). The period of 1400-1800 is known to be time of the Kyrgyz consolidation. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan your guides will tell you that in the process of the history people of the country were without statehood. And only in the 15-19th centuries there was the decision made about creating the state. As we know citizens were trying to create a joined state with the only one who rules. In the end the state with different wings was created.

Russian Colonization (1770–1917). In 1770-1970 there began the process of the Russian colonization. During a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can see that long time ago people in the country were suffering threats from outer countries along with threats that were going from the entire country. In this case it was said that in order to prevent all this, the one from Kyrgyzstan was sent to Russia to ask for help. The north of the country was glad to be the part of the Russian Empire as they were suffering from threats from China, Kokand and Kazakhs along with other tribes of Kyrgyzstan. The south was against the process of joining the Russian Empire. It is obvious that it was impossible to join part of the country and the south was joined by forth. It was the time of development of economy of the country.

Soviet Rule (1917–1991). After the powers of the Russian Empire to be lowering, the Bolsheviks came and unset them starting the period of the Soviet Union that lasted from 1917 up to 1991. During a tour in Kyrgyzstan you still can see buildings built in the Soviet Union. Talking about political situation of those times, the Soviet Union turned out to be the beginning of development of culture and art, education and painting, cinema and theatre. The heads of the Soviet Union were making an announcement that they are going to start the new Era. Anyway travelling in Kyrgyzstan you will find out negative factors of the period – that people were not allowed to have faith. And various Atheization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolutions were the starting point of meaningless murders of innocent people. The state of the Kyrgyz started to be known as an autonomous region, an autonomous republic, union republic.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). The Soviet Union fell in 1991 and most of countries became independent with the Kyrgyzstan as well. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you can notice that there are signs of the independent country – flag, emblem and anthem.

You have an opportunity to travel in the independent Kyrgyzstan as there a lot of breath-taking places to be known by guests of the company. We are glad to welcome you see more in nature of the country and guides are looking forward to show them all to you in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan.

In the 1992 Kyrgyzstan started to be the member of the United Nations Organization. In 1993 people adopted the Constitution. But the independency turned out to be of negative factors as well when there was instability in social, economic and political life of the country. The instability in politics was seen in 2005 and 2010 when the people were trying to overthrow presidents of those years with the whole parliament. Those times it was dangerous to travel in Kyrgyzstan as the country was instable.

For now you are free to travel in the entire Kyrgyzstan with an aim to investigate all interesting places of the country. in our turn we assure that we will organize a tour in Kyrgyzstan and car rent at the highest level with taking into account the imagination of your perfect holiday.